Banned in a few states for the expletive in the title, from 1964 this song still became a civil rights anthem, albeit a blunt one.
At the time, Medgar Evers, fighting segregation at the University of Mississippi, was murdered. Also, a Birmingham, Alabama Baptist church attended by African Americans was bombed, and four girls perished.
Simone may be most associated with jazz, though this song seems somewhat like a show tune. Read the lyrics and feel the anger and frustration in the quest for racial equality. Listen to the song casually and miss the whole point.
Bob Dylan also sang about Medgar Evers, with Only A Pawn In Their Game, laying blame for the man’s death on society.