The Clash sang about the draft, back in 1980.
Conscription is the formal term for the draft. It is when governments compel military service from citizens to fill vacancies. It is considered necessary to have the personnel to wage wars, but controversial for reducing personal freedom and choice. One may be able to lawfully avoid conscription for religious and moral reasons, as a conscientious objector. Draft dodgers unlawfully go into hiding to avoid military service… and hope for amnesty.